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Regulating Artificial Intelligence in Brazil

the contributions of critical social theory to rethink principles


  • Hana Mesquita Hana Mesquita A. Figueira is Master’s Candidate at Center on Public Policy in Human Rights, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)
  • Marina Garrote Marina Gonçalves Garrote is Candidate for LL.M. in International Legal Studies, New York University School of Law
  • Rafael Zanatta Rafael A. F. Zanatta is Executive director at the Data Privacy Brasil Research Association



This essay discusses how critical social theory in Brazil can contribute to a revision of dominant approaches to AI regulation and a regulatory strategy focused on innovation, legal certainty, and economic development in Brazil. We explain the origins of the Brazilian Draft Bill on Artificial Intelligence Regulation and the main critiques during the discussions at the legislative houses in 2022. We argue that critical social theory can enlarge the discussion about which should be the regulatory goals of such legislation. Critical theory helps envision new principles that are connected to the structural problems of post-colonial societies. We intend to advance the project of enlarging the epistemologies of the South and expanding the view of Global Data Justice that relates to the social theory developed in the South.


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How to Cite

Regulating Artificial Intelligence in Brazil: the contributions of critical social theory to rethink principles. (2024). Technology and Regulation, 2024, 73-83.